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The Puget Sound Water Quality Action Team (Action Team) coordinates efforts to protect and restore the biological health and diversity of greater Puget Sound (including the straits of Juan de Fuca and Georgia). The Puget Sound Research Conference is recognized as the premier venue for presenting and discussing the scientific information that provides the scientific basis for the region's collective efforts to protect and restore Puget Sound.

The Action Team and generous co-sponsors, including state and federal agencies, local governments, universities, and businesses, convened Puget Sound Research 2001, the fifth Puget Sound Research Conference, February 12 to 14, 2001 at Meydenbauer Center in Bellevue, Washington. Puget Sound Research 2001 built upon its four previous conferences (1988, 1991, 1995, and 1998) to provide a unique opportunity for 800 conference attendees to learn from, and openly discuss, more than 200 presentations. Attendees included scientists from government agencies, universities and consulting firms; resource managers; other decision-makers; students and members of the public.

The presentations made at Puget Sound Research 2001 are represented by the materials collected in these proceedings. The Action Team and the conference conveners hope that these proceedings will help conference attendees and others access some of the wealth of information shared at the conference.

These proceedings include full papers for most of the oral presentations and many poster presentations, abstracts of the remaining presentations and posters, and transcripts of the conference keynote presentations. Where possible, transcripts of questions and answers from the conference's concurrent sessions are included. (In many cases our audio recording of the sessions was inadequate to complete these transcripts.)

The material collected in these proceedings has not been peer reviewed. The graphics and references in these papers are presented much as they were submitted originally by the authors. Limited editing was done for grammar and spelling.

Some graphics may be difficult to read onscreen or when printed. This may be due to the process of converting graphics to Portable Document Format (PDF). Contact the author for a copy of a better quality graphic. Some PDF files contain large graphics and may take a while to download.

Many manuscripts list web sites as resources. These web links may have been current at the time the papers were submitted; however, several may now be outdated or no longer valid. Please contact the author if you have difficulty linking to a web resource.

We encourage you to contact the authors/presenters for further information and updates on any of the material presented in the proceedings. Author contact information (accurate at the time of the conference) is provided.

These proceedings are organized by conference session. Within each session, full papers, additional abstracts and transcripts of question and answer discussions are provided as PDF files. You will need Adobe's Acrobat Reader to read the PDF files.

In addition to our cosponsors, we would also like to acknowledge the assistance we received from the conference advisory committee, session chairs, and the contractors and staff that assisted in producing the conference and these proceedings.

This project was funded in part by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under grant agreements (CE-980349-01 and CE-990622-05) to the Action Team and co-sponsorship support from a variety of organizations. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of EPA, Puget Sound Action Team, or any conference cosponsors. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.

To obtain this publication in an alternative format, contact the Puget Sound Water Quality Action Team's ADA coordinator at (360) 407-7300,
(800) 54_SOUND, or the TDD number: (800) 833-6388.